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Craniosynosthosis is a deformity of the skull caused by premature ossification of one or more skulls sutures.

The main indication for surgery is given when there is the risk of an increasing intracranial pressure. This may cause blindness and psychomotorical retardation. This risk is especially high in cases of genetic syndromes, where numerous sutures are affected.

In many cases, however, isolated ossification of one suture has primarily a cosmetic affection.

An often misinterpreted phenomenon is the positional plagiocephalus, where the skull shows asymmetrical deformity due to unilateral positioning of the babys head.